To Top
Sick Building Syndrome

Sick Building Syndrome

Print Email
(0 votes)

Sick Building Syndrome. What is it? How to prevent it.  

Sick Building Syndrome (SBS)

The sick building syndrome comprises of various nonspecific symptoms that occur in the occupants of a building. This feeling of ill health increases sickness absenteeism and causes a decrease in the productivity of the workers. As this syndrome is increasingly becoming a major occupational hazard, the cause, management, and prevention of this condition have been discussed in this article.


The sick building syndrome (SBS) is used to describe a situation in which the occupants of a building experience acute health- or comfort-related effects that seem to be linked directly to the time spent in the building. No specific illness or cause can be identified. The complainants may be localized in a particular room or zone or may be widespread throughout the building.

Signs and Symptoms:
Some symptoms include headache, dizziness, nausea, eye, nose or throat irritation, dry cough, and dry or itching skin. The cause of the symptoms is not known. Most of the complainants report relief soon after leaving the building. Legionnaire’s disease is also known to occur. The symptoms can be clinically defined and have clearly identifiable causes.

The symptoms of SBS are more common in air-conditioned buildings than in naturally ventilated buildings and are more common in a public sector building than in a private sector building.

 

Factors:

 

Chemical contaminants:

Here are some of the factors that may be primarily responsible for SBS. Contaminants from outside like pollutants from motor vehicle exhaust, plumbing vents, and building exhausts can enter the building through poorly located air intake vents, windows and other openings. The most common contaminant of indoor air includes volatile organic compounds, also known as VOC. The main sources of VOC are adhesives, upholstery, carpeting, copy machines, manufactured wood products, pesticides and cleaning agents.

 

Biological Contaminants:

Biological contamination cause fever, chills, cough, chest tightness, muscle aches, and allergic reactions. Biological contaminants include pollen, bacteria, viruses, fungus, and molds. Air-conditioning systems can recirculate pathogens and spread them throughout the building, for example, Legionnaire’s disease.

In order to have an acceptable indoor air quality (IAQ) with minimum energy consumption, The American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) recently revised ventilation standards to a minimum outdoor air flow rate of 15 cfm/person to avoid the problems related to inadequate ventilation. The standards are 20 cfm/person in office spaces and 60 cfm/person in smoking lounges.

 

Prevention:

There are ways to prevent SBS. Increase ventilation rates and air distribution. Removal or modification of the pollutant source can be carried out by a routine maintenance of HVAC systems, replacing water-stained ceiling tiles and carpets, using stone, ceramic or hardwood flooring, proper waterproofing, avoiding synthetic or treated upholstery fabrics, minimizing the use of electronic items and unplugging idle devices, venting contaminants to the outside, storing paints, solvents, pesticides and adhesives in closed containers in well-ventilated areas and using these pollutant sources in periods of low or no occupancy. Air cleaning can also be a useful addition to the control of air pollution.

 

Sources:

Joshi SM. The sick building syndrome. Indian J Occup Environ Med 2008;12:61-4

Joshi SM. The sick building syndrome. Indian J Occup Environ Med [serial online] 2008 [cited 2017 Aug 30];12:61-4. Available from: http://www.ijoem.com/text.asp?2008/12/2/61/43262

 

 

 

Last modified on Friday, 26 April 2019 18:16

549 comments

  • golden goose

    golden goose

    17 October 2019 | Comment Link

    My spouse and i have been really cheerful that Peter managed to conclude his reports using the precious recommendations he had through your web pages. It's not at all simplistic to simply be offering guidelines that others may have been making money from. And we realize we've got the blog owner to thank for this. The explanations you made, the easy blog menu, the relationships your site give support to promote - it's got everything astounding, and it is helping our son and us believe that that situation is fun, and that is quite indispensable. Thank you for the whole lot!

  • paul george shoes

    paul george shoes

    16 October 2019 | Comment Link

    I together with my pals have been taking note of the nice tips and hints on your website then unexpectedly I got an awful feeling I never expressed respect to the site owner for those secrets. All of the guys came totally joyful to read through all of them and have without a doubt been making the most of these things. Appreciate your truly being simply accommodating as well as for picking out this form of decent themes millions of individuals are really eager to be informed on. My very own honest regret for not expressing appreciation to you sooner.

  • fitflop sale

    fitflop sale

    16 October 2019 | Comment Link

    I'm just writing to let you understand of the excellent encounter our girl undergone studying the blog. She discovered numerous things, most notably how it is like to possess an excellent teaching heart to get certain people smoothly fully grasp several specialized issues. You really did more than people's desires. Thanks for imparting those insightful, safe, educational and fun tips about your topic to Julie.

  • kd 11

    kd 11

    15 October 2019 | Comment Link

    I simply wanted to send a small remark to thank you for all of the unique instructions you are giving out on this site. My rather long internet research has at the end been honored with incredibly good concept to share with my family members. I 'd repeat that we readers actually are rather fortunate to exist in a magnificent community with many brilliant individuals with good suggestions. I feel very much blessed to have seen the website and look forward to some more brilliant moments reading here. Thanks a lot once again for all the details.

  • michael jordan shoes

    michael jordan shoes

    14 October 2019 | Comment Link

    I definitely wanted to write down a message to say thanks to you for those magnificent tips and hints you are writing on this site. My prolonged internet research has now been honored with reliable know-how to write about with my two friends. I would believe that many of us website visitors are very much blessed to live in a good community with so many lovely people with valuable pointers. I feel truly grateful to have come across your entire webpages and look forward to many more entertaining moments reading here. Thanks once more for everything.

  • adidas tubular x

    adidas tubular x

    13 October 2019 | Comment Link

    Thank you a lot for giving everyone remarkably terrific possiblity to check tips from this site. It is often so pleasing and packed with a good time for me and my office co-workers to search your site at the least thrice in one week to read the new issues you will have. Not to mention, we're certainly fascinated with all the tremendous ideas you give. Selected two ideas in this posting are really the most efficient we have all had.

  • air max 95

    air max 95

    12 October 2019 | Comment Link

    I happen to be writing to let you be aware of what a extraordinary discovery my friend's girl experienced visiting yuor web blog. She picked up a lot of details, with the inclusion of what it's like to possess a great giving heart to let men and women effortlessly thoroughly grasp some advanced things. You actually surpassed my expectations. Many thanks for distributing these practical, safe, explanatory not to mention easy tips on that topic to Ethel.

  • balenciaga shoes

    balenciaga shoes

    11 October 2019 | Comment Link

    I actually wanted to write down a small note so as to thank you for all of the great guidelines you are giving out on this website. My time intensive internet search has at the end of the day been recognized with incredibly good tips to exchange with my close friends. I would declare that most of us visitors actually are undeniably fortunate to exist in a very good place with so many wonderful professionals with beneficial methods. I feel truly happy to have encountered your entire web page and look forward to many more entertaining moments reading here. Thanks a lot again for all the details.

  • nike vapormax

    nike vapormax

    10 October 2019 | Comment Link

    Thanks for every one of your efforts on this web site. My aunt really likes engaging in investigations and it's really easy to see why. Most of us notice all of the compelling tactic you convey worthwhile guides via the web blog and therefore invigorate participation from other people on this concept so our favorite daughter is starting to learn a lot of things. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the year. Your doing a first class job.

  • kd shoes

    kd shoes

    09 October 2019 | Comment Link

    I definitely wanted to post a brief message so as to appreciate you for those precious pointers you are sharing at this website. My prolonged internet lookup has at the end been compensated with beneficial facts and strategies to go over with my contacts. I 'd tell you that most of us visitors are truly blessed to dwell in a superb website with very many wonderful people with beneficial concepts. I feel extremely privileged to have come across your website and look forward to so many more awesome times reading here. Thank you again for all the details.

Leave a comment

HSI Comfort. © All Rights Reserved 2019-2025. Website Developed & Hosted by NV Creative Firm